Gambling in New Zealand is governed and authorized by the Gambling Act of 2003. The law ensures that casinos operate within the regulation and the Department of Internal Affairs enforces and licenses these casino establishments.
The Gambling Act of 2003 in New Zealand helps to manage and minimize the harmful effects that are caused by gambling. The Act enables the gamblers to be educated about responsible gaming.
It guarantees the players a fair chance of winning. The criminal groups that operate in gambling places are also discouraged.
The act also manages the growth of the gambling industry. It helps encourage the industry to have a community responsibility and then control the allowable gambling activities
As mentioned, the Department of Internal Affairs provides the licenses for casinos and for non-casino gambling activities. They also take care of educating the public about gambling and those laws that govern them.
There are other government offices that help regulate, monitor and enforce the gambling laws of New Zealand. The New Zealand Gambling Commission and the Ministry of Health of New Zealand are two other offices that help to ensure that the public will always get the benefits of gambling.
The New Zealand Gambling Commission is an independent constitutional department that was established under the Gambling Act of 2003. The commission reviews all casino licensing applications and they can make the appeals to the decisions made by the Secretary of Internal Affairs.
The Department of Internal Affairs
The decisions made by the Department of Internal Affairs are also enforced by the commission. The New Zealand Gambling Commission fulfils the following roles in government in the gambling industry.
They can also revoke or change the conditions stipulated in the license. And all appeals between operators and license holders pass by them. And finally, they assume an advisory position in gambling issues.
The Ministry of Health
The Ministry of Health of New Zealand helps the public by ensuring that this industry operates within the laws. They make sure that gamers are protected from the dangerous effects of gambling such as depression, anxiety and mood disorders.
They also help to promote public health by preventing and reducing the harmful effects of gambling. They provide services to treat and assist problems that gamblers and their families encounter.
Since gambling also has an addictive effect the Ministry of Health of New Zealand also helps those who already are addicted and educates those who are not.
To date, the ministry has already recorded several such cases and continues to provide lawmakers with valuable data in order for them to come up with new laws and update existing ones.
Law on Photo Recording
New Zealand has another law that helps protect gamblers and establishments. And that’s the law on photo recording. In New Zealand, it is illegal to take pictures or videos of people when they have not given their consent.
An important figure for example who had decided to gamble in a casino would be protected by random paparazzi from being caught in a compromising situation because the photo recording law protects him and his privacy.
The photo recording law specifically says that it is illegal to stop other people’s moments of enjoyment.
Gambling goes back to the Palaeolithic Age, the time where man was still not able to record history. And so, we could confidently say that gambling has been a part of human culture and development for thousands of years.
In other parts of the world, gambling is legal and an important part of society. Places like Las Vegas, Atlantic City or Macau are places where gambling plays a very important role. And they provide more than just entertainment.
Big casino companies build resorts that create jobs and opportunities to their communities.
For example, there was a time not long ago when Las Vegas was nothing more than a big piece of land with nothing but sand. Macau was nothing more than a sleepy port two centuries ago.
When gambling houses became popular and business became lucrative the area around simply grew with it.
Growth in Tourism
So, in 1961 when gambling laws here in New Zealand became more lenient sports betting also grew and that also encouraged the development of better sports arenas. Horseracing was the first sports betting that was allowed here and gambling helped in its growth.
When the other sports gain popularity and betting became allowed it made the games more exciting.
Sports like Aussie football, cricket and tennis started to develop and their growth followers and popularity has increased tax revenues and helped the communities where these teams are based.
Increased Tax Revenue
To date, there are 33-horseracings events in New Zealand with about six land-based casinos, several football teams and tennis arenas.
There are also several big casino companies that are looking to build and develop more resorts however the government is making sure that growth of the industry is managed well.
But we cannot take away the fact that sports betting and casino gambling has helped New Zealand in terms of tax revenue, development and in creating job opportunities.
The good thing about New Zealand despite its strict approach to gambling is that they value privacy. In countries like the US for example, privacy belongs to the second tier when it comes to its value, while in New Zealand, the privacy of its citizens or the individual is being carefully looked upon.
In recent years there has been an increase in support to make privacy a right of an individual which is important for people who are into gambling.
Gambling is a personal sport and for as long as the individual is not causing any damage or affecting the lives of his friends and relatives in a negative way then his/her personal information should be protected.
The Department of Internal Affairs is the governing body for the casino laws in New Zealand. They issue licenses and certificates to all land-based casinos here in New Zealand. There are six casinos operating here and all of them are being regulated and monitored to ensure that that they comply with all the laws.
Manage and minimize the disadvantages that are caused by gambling
Gambling is a game where you bet that your instincts are better than the other. And that means that one side will earn money and the other will lose. And for those who will be losing money, it would mean financial ruin followed by depression, anxiety and mood disorders. So, it has become important for the government to reduce these risks.
Educate gamblers about responsible gaming
To ensure that gambling remains a healthy recreational and exciting activity it is important that education is provided. Gamers should understand how gambling can financially and emotionally affect them.
Guarantee the players a fair chance of winning
Casinos can easily manipulate their tables and machines to make sure that they make money all the time. However, casinos cannot operate if they do not also give the gamblers a fair chance of winning. Gambling can only really flourish if there’s fairness in the games.
Remove the criminal groups or syndicates in all gambling establishments
Since gambling involves a lot of money it is unavoidable that it will attract criminals and syndicates. All criminal activities involve dishonest games and/or fraudulent transactions and so the government is taking a strong stand in curbing them.
Manage the growth of the gambling industry
The growth of the gambling industry has to be managed as well to guarantee that enforcement can be done efficiently and regulations are updated accordingly.
Encourage the industry to have community responsibility
Casinos and resorts can quickly grow a community by providing the locals with much-needed work and revenue.
The increased tourism will also increase activities and create more opportunities so it is vital that casino resorts also take care of their own communities and guarantee that a good portion of their revenue goes to local development.
Control the allowable gambling activities
The Department of Internal Affairs also controls what games casinos are allowed to offer and this further ensures that gambling remains fair and activities have reduced disadvantages.
It is important to note that New Zealand laws bear a close similarity to the laws found in the UK and France. For example, some of the basic laws in New Zealand like family laws were practically copied from the same principles that form the family core laws in the UK.
But over the years New Zealand lawmakers have made their own adaptation. For example, divorce is no longer allowed under the New Zealand family law even though the principles behind the family law came from the UK where it is legal.